Tax Exemption for Dwelling House - CAT 10

Introduction

Section 86 of the Capital Acquisitions Tax Consolidation Act 2003 provides that gifts or inheritances of a dwelling- house taken on or after 1 December 1999 will be exempt from capital acquisitions tax provided the following conditions are complied with -

  1. The recipient must have occupied the dwelling- house continuously as his/her only/main residence for a period of 3 years immediately prior to the date of the gift/inheritance. Where the dwelling- house has directly/indirectly replaced other property owned by the disponer, this condition may be satisfied where the recipient has continuously occupied both properties as his/her only/main residence for a total period of 3 out of the 4 years immediately prior to the date of the gift/inheritance.
  2. The recipient must not, at the date of the gift/inheritance, be beneficially entitled to any other dwelling- house or to any interest in any other dwelling- house. The Revenue's view is that a dwelling-house means a building or part of a building being used or which is suitable for use as a dwelling.
  3. Gifts taken on or after 20 February 2007: Any period during which a donee occupies a house that was during that period the disponer's only or main residence will be disregarded as a period of occupation in that house unless the disponer is compelled, by reason of old age or infirmity, to depend on the services of the donee for that period. Old age refers to a person aged 65 or over.
  4. Gifts taken on or after 20 February 2007: The house must be owned by the disponer during the 3 year period prior to the gift and, where the gifted house has replaced another property, each house must be owned by the disponer for the relevant part of the 3 year period that it was occupied by the beneficiary.
  5. The recipient must continue, except where such recipient was aged 55 years or more at the date of the gift or inheritance or has died, to occupy that dwelling- house as his/her only/main residence for a period of 6 years commencing on the date of the gift/inheritance. Where the dwelling- house is directly/indirectly replaced by other property, this condition may be satisfied where the recipient continuously occupied both properties as his/her only/main residence for a total period of 6 out of 7 years commencing on the date of the gift/inheritance. A recipient absent during any time through working abroad is considered to remain in continuous occupation of that dwelling house.

The exemption will not be withdrawn where a breach of the condition referred to at e) above is as a result of the recipient requiring long term medical care in a hospital, nursing home or convalescent home or as a result of a condition being imposed by an employer on a recipient to reside elsewhere.

July 2011

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