IT1 - Tax Credits, Reliefs and Rates for the Tax Years 2014 and 2015

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Personal Tax Credits

The following chart gives details of the main personal tax credits for the tax years 2014 and 2015

Tax credits for the years 2014 and 2015
Personal Circumstances 2014 2015
Single Person €1,650 €1,650
Married Person or Civil Partner €3,300 €3,300
Widowed Person or Surviving Civil Partner - qualifying for Single Person Child Carer Credit €1,650 €1,650
Widowed Person or Surviving Civil Partner without qualifying child(ren) €2,190 €2,190
Widowed Person or Surviving Civil Partner in year of bereavement €3,300 €3,300
Single Person Child Carer Credit €1,650 €1,650
Widowed Person or Surviving Civil Partner Tax Credit (with qualifying child) - Bereaved in 2014 --- €3,600
Widowed Person or Surviving Civil Partner Tax Credit (with qualifying child) - Bereaved in 2013 €3,600 €3,150
Widowed Person or Surviving Civil Partner Tax Credit (with qualifying child) - Bereaved in 2012 €3,150 €2,700
Widowed Person or Surviving Civil Partner Tax Credit (with qualifying child) - Bereaved in 2011 €2,700 €2,250
Widowed Person or Surviving Civil Partner Tax Credit (with qualifying child) - Bereaved in 2010 €2,250 €1,800
Widowed Person or Surviving Civil Partner Tax Credit (with qualifying child) - Bereaved in 2009 €1,800 ---
Home Carer Tax Credit (max.) €810 €810
PAYE Tax Credit €1,650 €1,650
Age Tax Credit if Single, Widowed or Surviving Civil Partner €245 €245
Age Tax Credit if Married or in a Civil Partnership €490 €490
Incapacitated Child Tax Credit €3,300 €3,300
Dependent Relative Tax Credit ( - See note 1) €70 €70
Blind Person's Tax Credit - Single Person* €1,650* €1,650*
Blind Person's Tax Credit - One Spouse or Civil Partner Blind* €1,650* €1,650*
Blind Person's Tax Credit - Both Spouses or Civil Partners Blind* €3,300* €3,300*
Employed Person taking care of an incapacitated individual** €50,000**max €75,000**max

* Relief in respect of the cost of maintaining a guide dog (max €825) may be claimed under the heading of Health Expenses.

** Relief for Employing a Carer is allowable at the individual's highest rate of tax, i.e. 2014 20% or 41%, 2015 20% or 40%.

Note 1- In the case of Dependent Relative Tax Credit, if the relative's income exceeds the relevant limit of €13,837 in the years 2014 and 2015 no tax credit is due.

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Exemption Limits

Exemption Limits 2014 & 2015
Personal Circumstances 2014 2015
Single, Widowed or a Surviving Civil Partner 65 years of age or over €18,000 €18,000
Married or in a Civil Partnership 65 years of age or over €36,000 €36,000
Single, Widowed, a Surviving Civil Partner, Married or in a Civil Partnership 65 years of age or over
- Additional for 1st and 2nd qualifying child
€575 €575
Single, Widowed, a Surviving Civil Partner, Married or in a Civil Partnership 65 years of age or over
- Additional for each subsequent qualifying child
€830 €830
Marginal Relief Tax Rate* 40%* 40%*

*The Marginal Relief Tax Rate only applies to persons 65 years of age or over.

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Tax Rates and Tax Bands

Tax rates and bands applicable to your personal circumstance in tax year 2014 and tax year 2015
Personal Circumstances 2014 2015
Single, Widowed or a Surviving Civil Partner without qualifying children €32,800 @ 20%, Balance @ 41% €33,800 @ 20%, Balance @ 40%
Single, Widowed or a Surviving Civil Partner qualifying for Single Person Child Carer Credit €36,800 @ 20%, Balance @ 41% €37,800 @ 20%, Balance @ 40%
Married or in a Civil Partnership - one Spouse or Civil Partner with income €41,800 @ 20%, Balance @ 41% €42,800 @ 20%, Balance @ 40%
Married or in a Civil Partnership - both Spouses or Civil Partners with income €41,800 @ 20% (with an increase of €23,800 max), Balance @ 41% €42,800 @ 20% (with an increase of €24,800 max), Balance @ 40%

Note: The increase in the standard rate tax band is restricted to the lower of €24,800 in 2014 and €24,800 in 2015 or the amount of the income of the Spouse or Civil Partner with the lower income. The increase is not transferable between Spouses or Civil Partners.

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Universal Social Charge (USC)

USC is a tax payable on gross income, including notional pay, after any relief for certain capital allowances, but before pension contributions.

The Standard Rates and Thresholds of USC are as follows:
2014 Rate 2015 Rate
Income up to €10,036.00 2% Income up to €12,012.00 1.5%
Income from €10,036.01 to €16,016.00 4% Income from €12,012.01 to €17,576.00
3.5%
Income above €16,016.00 7% Income from €17,576.01 to €70,044.00 7%
- - Income above €70,044.00 8%
and Thresholds of USC are as follows:
2014 2015
Individuals aged 70 years or over whose aggregate income for the year is €60,000 or less. Individuals aged 70 years or over whose aggregate income for the year is €60,000 or less.
Individuals (aged under 70) who hold a full medical card whose aggregate income for the year is €60,000 or less. Individuals (aged under 70) who hold a full medical card whose aggregate income for the year is €60,000 or less.
2% - Income up to €10,036.00 1.5% - Income up to €12,012.00
4% - Income above €10,036.00 3.5% - Income above €12,012.00
The Exempt categories for USC are:
2014 2015
Where an individual's total income for a year does not exceed €10,036 Where an individual's total income for a year does not exceed €12,012.00
All Department of Social Protection payments and payments similar in nature to such payments paid by other Government bodies All Department of Social Protection payments and payments similar in nature to such payments paid by other Government bodies
Income already subjected to DIRT Income already subjected to DIRT

Note 1. 'Aggregate' income for USC purposes does not include payments from the Department of Social Protection.

Note 2. A 'GP only' card is not considered a full medical card for USC purposes.

There is a surcharge of 3% on individuals who have non-PAYE income that exceeds €100,000 in a year, regardless of age.

For more information see: pdfUniversal Social Charge FAQs (PDF, 680KB)

Childcare Services Relief

Childcare Services Relief is a scheme of tax relief for income arising from the provision of certain childcare services. When the gross annual income from the provision of childcare services does not exceed €15,000 in the years 2014 and 2015, the income is exempt from tax. The childcare service must be provided in the carer's home, not the children's home and no more than three children may be cared for at any time. This income must be declared on your annual Tax Return in order to qualify for the tax relief.

For further information see: Childcare Services Relief

Deposit Interest Retention Tax (DIRT)

From 1 January 2014, the DIRT rate will be 41% in respect of interest paid on all deposit accounts.

The rate of exit tax that applies to life assurance policies and investment funds is also 41%.

DIRT Relief for First-Time Buyer

Relief from DIRT on interest paid by a first-time buyer on savings, used to purchase a house or an apartment, will be granted from 15 October 2014. The relief is capped at 20% of the purchase price and will cease on 31 December 2017. Savings held over a four year period prior to the purchase will qualify for this relief.

A first-time buyer is an individual who, at the time of purchase, has not either individually or jointly purchased or built on his or her own behalf a house or apartment.

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Health/Medical Expenses Relief

You may claim tax relief on a Form MED 1, at the standard rate of tax (20%), (with the exception of nursing home expenses for which tax relief is still available at your highest rate of tax) for certain medical expenses incurred by you, on your own behalf or on behalf of another person. Most medical expenses, with some exceptions e.g. routine dental and ophthalmic care, qualify for relief.

You cannot claim relief for any expenditure which has been or will be reimbursed, e.g. by VHI, Laya Healthcare, Aviva Health, etc., or where a compensation payment is or will be made.

For more information see Leaflet IT 6 - Health / Medical Expenses Relief, and pdfForm MED 1 (PDF, 1.14MB).

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Home Carer Tax Credit

A tax credit at the standard rate of tax (20%) in the tax years 2014 and 2015 is available for Married Couples or Civil Partners where:

  • One Spouse or Civil Partner (the 'home carer') works in the home caring for one or more dependent persons, i.e. a child for whom they are entitled to child benefit from the Department of Social Protection, a person aged 65 or over, or a person who is permanently incapacitated by reason of mental or physical infirmity and the qualifying person normally resides with the couple for the year.
  • The home carer's income is not in excess of €5,080. A reduced tax credit applies where the income is between €5,080 and €6,700 in the years 2014 and 2015.

The tax credit is not available to Married Couples or Civil Partners who are taxed as single persons. Neither is the tax credit available to Married Couples or Civil Partners with combined incomes over €41,800 in the tax year 2014 or €42,800 in the tax year 2015 and who claim the increased standard rate tax band for dual income couples.

For more information and also to claim the relief due complete the application form in Leaflet IT 66 - Home Carer's Tax Credit and send it to your Revenue office. Alternatively, you can telephone your Revenue LoCall number with details of your claim.

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Home Renovation Incentive

The Home Renovation Incentive (HRI) provides a tax credit for property owners (owner-occupiers and landlords) for qualifying expenditure incurred on repair, renovation or improvement work carried out on a property. Originally, HRI was introduced for works carried out by a homeowner on his or her principal private residence. From 15 October 2014, HRI was extended to include rental properties whose owners (landlords) are liable to income tax.

Homeowners are entitled to claim the tax credit from 2015 and landlords from 2016. In general, the HRI tax credit is payable over two years, starting the year after the work is carried out and paid for.

Qualifying conditions:

  • Qualifying works must be carried out by homeowners (owner-occupiers) on or after 25 October 2013 and on or before 31 December 2015. Payments made by homeowners (owner-occupiers) for qualifying works carried out between 25 October 2013 and 31 December 2013 will be treated for tax credit purposes as if they were paid during 2014;.
  • Qualifying works must be carried out by landlords on or after 15 October 2014 and on or before 31 December 2015. Payments made by landlords for qualifying works on rented properties carried out between 15 October 2014 and 31 December 2014 will be treated for tax credit purposes as if they were paid during 2015;
  • If planning permission is required and is in place by 31 December 2015, then payments made in respect of qualifying work carried out between 1 January 2016 and 31 March 2016 will qualify under the incentive.
  • Qualifying works must cost a minimum of €5,000 (including VAT at 13.5%). The €5,000 can be made up of a number of payments to different qualifying contractors.
  • There is no upper limit on the cost of the works but the maximum amount on which relief can be claimed is €30,000 (before VAT).
  • The tax credit will be 13.5% of the cost of the works (before VAT), subject to the minimum and maximum amounts. It will be included on your Tax Credit Certificate or Income Tax Notice of Assessment and the credit will be given over a two year period following the year in which payment is made for the qualifying work;
  • Homeowners and landlords must be Local Property Tax and Household charge compliant in order to qualify while building contractors must be VAT registered and tax compliant in order to carry out work; and.
  • Landlords must also have registered the tenancy with the Private Residential Tenancies Board External link

For further information see Home Renovation Incentive (HRI) scheme.

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Medical Insurance Premiums

pdfTax Relief at Source (TRS) - Changes to Medical Insurance Relief for Policies Renewed or Entered into on or after 16 October 2013 (PDF, 238KB)

The amount of tax relief due in respect of medical insurance policies entered into or renewed on or after 16 October 2013, is restricted to:

  • the premium paid up to a maximum of €1,000 per adult covered by a policy
  • the premium paid up to a maximum of €500 per child covered by a policy.

Tax relief is allowed on this restricted amount at the standard rate of 20%.

Employees whose medical insurance premiums are paid on their behalf by their employer, as a Benefit-in-Kind, will not have been allowed tax relief at source. To claim the relief due it will be necessary to notify your Revenue office with the relevant details or by completing an annual tax return.

For more information see Leaflet IT 5 - Medical Insurance Relief

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PRSI - Employers/Employees/Self Employed

PRSI queries should be directed to the Department of Social ProtectionExternal link Information Service, Tel - 1890 662 244, or 1890 690 690 if self employed.

For PRSI Contribution Rates see: PRSI Contribution Rates & User Guide (SW14)External link

Rent-a-Room Relief

Where an individual lets a room (or rooms) in his or her sole or main residence as residential accommodation, the income may be exempt from income tax where the aggregate of the gross rents and any sums for meals or other services supplied in connection with the letting is below a certain threshold (€10,000 for the tax years 2014 & €12,000 for the tax year 2015). However, the rental income received must be declared on you annual Tax Return in order to qualify for the exemption.

The exemption does not affect any entitlement to mortgage interest relief or to Capital Gains Tax exemption on the disposal of the residence.

The exemption is not due where the payments are to a parent from his or her child. Neither is it due where the payments are to an individual who is an office holder or an employee of the person making the payments or, of a person who is connected with the person making the payments or to a person connected with the office holder or employee.

For more information see Leaflet IT 70 - A Revenue Guide to Rental Income.

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Rent Relief for Private Rented Accommodation

Relief is due at the standard rate of tax (20%) in the tax years 2014 and 2015 subject to the following upper limits:
Personal Circumstances 2014 2015
Single under 55 (max.) €800 €600
Single over 55 (max.) €1,600 €1,200
Widowed, a Surviving Civil Partner, Married or in a Civil Partnership under 55 (max.) €1,600 €1,200
Widowed, a Surviving Civil Partner, Married or in a Civil Partnership over 55 (max.) €3,200 €2,400

Note: Rent Relief only applies to individuals who were renting a property on 7 December 2010. No credit is due to individuals who began renting after 7 December 2010.

Relief can be claimed by completing pdfForm Rent 1 - Claim for Rent Relief on Private Rented Accommodation (PDF, 313KB).

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Revenue Approved Permanent Health Benefit Schemes

Where an employer deducts the contributions from gross pay the tax relief is given at source. Therefore no further action is necessary to claim relief.

Where an employer does not deduct the contributions from gross pay relief can be claimed, by notifying your Revenue office of the relevant details or by completing an annual tax return.

Revenue Job Assist

Up to and including 2013, additional tax relief at the individual's highest rate of tax was available for people who were unemployed for one year or more and who took up a qualifying job.

This scheme has ended for any employments that commenced on or after 1 July 2013. However, tax relief under the scheme will continue to be available for successful claims processed for employments that commenced on or before 30 June 2013, until the end of their natural lifecycle.

For more information see Leaflet IT 58 - Job Assist Information for Employees.

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Single Person Child Carer Credit

To qualify for this tax credit the primary claimant must be a single parent who has a qualifying child residing with him or her, or a person who has custody of and maintains a qualifying child who is living with him or her for the whole or greater part of the year of assessment (i.e. more then six months).

If the child was born during the year, he or she must reside with the claimant for the greater part of the year from birth.

A primary claimant can only be someone who is single, widowed, a surviving civil partner, deserted, separated (from spouse or civil partner), divorced or whose civil partnership has been dissolved.

A child can only be the subject of one claim, and a claimant can only make a claim for one child for a year of assessment irrespective of the number of children that reside with him or her. The credit will be granted for a child up to the age of 18 years or, if over 18 years, where they are receiving full-time instruction.

The credit can also be claimed in the case of a permanently incapacitated child where the incapacity occurred before age 21, or if older, while the child was in full-time instruction.

Note: Full-time instruction does not include post graduate and doctorate programmes where the student is primarily involved in self-managed research and learning.

The relevant claim form pdf SPCC1 - Claim for Single Person Child Carer Credit Primary Claimant (PDF, 286KB) must be completed and submitted to your Revenue office for the initial claim.

Relinquishing a claim to the Single Person Child Carer Credit in favour of another claimant

The primary claimant of the credit may, if he or she wishes, relinquish his or her entitlement to this tax credit to another individual by completing the relevant section on Form SPCC1. However, once it is relinquished and claimed by another individual, known as the secondary claimant, the tax credit stays with the secondary claimant for the remainder of that tax year.

If the primary claimant withdraws his or her relinquishment subsequently, he or she cannot avail of the credit until the year following the year in which the relinquishment was withdrawn. The primary claimant must notify their Revenue office, in writing, if they wish to withdraw a relinquishment.

The Secondary Claimant must also be someone who is single, widowed, a surviving civil partner, deserted, separated (from spouse or civil partner), divorced or whose civil partnership has been dissolved.

A qualifying child must reside with the secondary claimant for not less than 100 days during the tax year. For the purposes of this legislation the greater part of a day will be counted as a day. Therefore where a child resides with a claimant from before noon on one day and stays with that claimant until the following evening that would be counted as two days.

The relevant claim form pdf SPCC2 - Claim for Single Person Child Carer Credit Secondary Claimant (PDF, 332KB) must be completed by the secondary claimant and submitted to his or her Revenue office. This form is not to be completed unless the primary claimant has relinquished his or her entitlement to the Tax credit.

Only one credit will be granted in the year to either the primary claimant or secondary claimant.

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Start your own Business

Individuals who have been long-term unemployed for at least 15 months prior to starting their own business as a sole trader can claim a two-year income tax exemption up to a maximum of €40,000 income per annum. This exemption will cease on 31 December 2016.

For more information see: Start your own Business.

Tax Relief for Loan Interest (Secured and Unsecured)

Tax Relief at Source (TRS) on Secured loans

Income tax relief for home mortgage interest is granted at source by your mortgage lender on behalf of Revenue and the relief due is based on the amount of qualifying interest paid during the year subject to the overall limits.

For more information refer to TRS for Mortgage Interest Relief.

Your mortgage repayment is reduced by the amount of the tax relief. Any future adjustments in the tax relief (for example, arising from changes in interest rates) will be made automatically by the lender on behalf of Revenue. It is not necessary to claim mortgage interest relief in the annual tax return, and it no longer appears on your Tax Credit Certificate. Borrowers who wish to claim for relief due for previous years must apply online at: Mortgage Interest Relief.

Unsecured Home Loans

Relief for interest payments made on unsecured home loans taken out on or before 31 December 2012 and used for qualifying purposes, i.e. repair or improvement of your sole or main residence can be claimed from Revenue at the end of the tax year.

If, however, you are paying interest on a qualifying private residence mortgage in excess of the ceiling for relief, listed below, and you are receiving TRS on this interest then there will be no additional relief due in respect of a qualifying unsecured home loan.

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TRS - Mortgage Interest Relief

Interest paid on qualifying home loans taken out after 1 January 2004 and on or before 31 December 2012 will (subject to the exceptions below) qualify for tax relief up to the end of 2017 at the following general rates and thresholds -

First time buyers

Income Tax relief on interest paid on qualifying home loans is 25% for years 1 and 2; 22.5% for years 3, 4 & 5 and 20% for years 6 and 7. The upper thresholds in respect of the amount of interest paid qualifying for tax relief are €20,000 for individuals who are married, in a civil partnership, widowed or surviving civil partner and €10,000 for single individuals.

After year 7, the rates and thresholds for relief are as for non-first time buyers.

Non-first time buyers

The tax relief on interest paid on qualifying home loans is 15%. The upper thresholds in respect of the amount of interest paid qualifying for tax relief are €6,000 for individuals who are married, in a civil partnership, widowed or surviving civil partner and €3,000 for single individuals.

Exception 1 (30% rate of relief)

For individuals who purchased their first principal private residence (or second or subsequent principal private residence but only where the first principal private residence was purchased on or after 1 January 2004), on or after 1 January 2004 and on or before 31 December 2008, the rate of tax relief on the interest paid on the loan to purchase that property will, for the tax years 2012 to 2017 inclusive, be 30%, subject to appropriate first time buyers and non-first time buyers threshold.

Exception 2 (certain loans taken out in 2012 and 2013)

Mortgage interest relief is available, in certain circumstances, for the tax years 2013 to 2017, in respect of:

In both instances above, in order to qualify for relief, any necessary planning permission must have been in place on or before 31 December 2012.

Loans taken out prior to 1 January 2004

Loans taken out prior to 1 January 2004 are no longer eligible for mortgage interest relief. However, top up loans/equity release loans taken out since 1 January 2004 on these pre-2004 loans may be eligible for mortgage interest relief, provided they adhere to eligibility criteria as listed above.

Note: The relief will be abolished completely by the end of 2017.

For more information see: TRS for Mortgage Interest Relief.

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Top Slicing Relief

Top Slicing Relief, which was an additional relief granted in respect of the tax payable on a lump sum payment, has been abolished in respect of all ex-gratia payments (both redundancy and retirement), made on or after 1 January 2014.

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Tuition Fees

Tax relief at the standard rate of income tax (20%) is available for tuition fees which includes the Student Contribution but does not include examination fees, registration fees and administration fees. The maximum limit on such qualifying fees for the academic years 2014/2015 is €7,000 per individual per course.

The amounts of qualifying tuition fees shown in the table below are disregarded in respect of each claim.

Amounts of qualifying tuition fees disregarded in respect of each claim.
Year Full time -
(Where any one of the students
in respect of whom relief is claimed is a
full-time student)
Part time -
(Where all the students
in respect of whom relief is claimed are
part-time students)
2011 €2,000 €1,000
2012 €2,250 €1,125
2013 €2,500 €1,250
2014 €2,750 €1,375
2015 €3,000 €1,500

The disregards set out above are in respect of a claim, the subject of which may be one or more students. The general effect of this is that claimants who are claiming for more than one student will get full tax relief on the Student Contribution for 2nd and subsequent children in their claim.

Where fees are refunded or partly refunded, the claimant must notify their Revenue office within 21 days. Failure to do so may result penalty charges.

For more information see Leaflet IT 31 - Tax Relief for Tuition Fees.

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Revenue Claim Forms and Information Leaflets

Revenue claim forms and information leaflets referred to in this guide can be downloaded from our website or requested by contacting Revenue's forms and leaflets service - LoCall 1890 306 706, (ROI only), + 353 1 702 3050 (if calling from abroad).

This is an automated telephone service and you will be asked to give your name, address and the title of the leaflet you require.

Please note that the rates charged for the use of 1890 (LoCall) numbers may vary among different service providers.

Accessibility

If you are a person with a disability and require this or any other Revenue leaflet in an alternative format the Revenue Access Officer can be contacted at: accessofficer@revenue.ie

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PAYE Anytime

For individuals assessed under the PAYE system, the quickest and easiest way to keep your income tax affairs up to date is to use PAYE Anytime. This interactive facility offers a quick, secure and cost effective method to manage your income tax online. With PAYE Anytime you can avail of a full suite of services i.e. view information held on your Revenue record, claim a range of Tax Credits, declare additional income and update your personal information.

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Further Information

This leaflet is for general information only. For further information, phone your Revenue LoCall service

To obtain the address of your Revenue office enter your PPS number into our Contact Locator

If you are calling from outside the Republic of Ireland phone +353-1-7023011.

If you are taxed under the Self Assessment system you may contact the Revenue office shown on your notice of assessment.


Legal Disclaimer

This leaflet is intended to describe the subject in general terms. As such, it does not attempt to cover every issue which may arise in relation to the subject. It does not purport to be a legal interpretation of the statutory provisions and consequently, responsibility cannot be accepted for any liability incurred or loss suffered as a result of relying on any matter published herein.

Revenue Commissioners
December 2014

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