It is accepted that the work completed in the following example has not adapted the building for materially altered use and now the 25% test needs to be considered.
Mr A purchased a shop at a cost of €500,000 plus VAT of €67,500 in January 2010. The shop had last been developed in 1995 and needed some renovation. Mr A carried out development, which was completed on 1 June 2010 and cost €250,000.
On 1 May 2013, he sold the shop for €1,250,000. Mr A must look back and examine the development as the sale takes place within five years of its completion. The work clearly did not adapt the building for materially altered use as it was still a shop after its completion. As the cost of the development did not exceed 25% of the consideration, the work done is considered minor development. The sale takes place within five years of the completion of a development, but the development is considered a minor development because the building was neither adapted for a materially altered use, nor did the cost of development exceed 25% of the sales. Consequently, the sale will be exempt, subject to a joint option to tax.
Note: there are CGS implications for the 2010 works (a refurbishment) now that the sale is exempt.
Development (exceeds 25% of sale price)
Same scenario with Mr A above, but this time the work carried out was completed on 1 June at a cost of €400,000.
Again, he sells the shop on 1 May 2013 for €1,250,000. The work did not adapt the building for a materially altered use, but it did cost more than 25% of the sale price and is not therefore considered as minor development. The property is developed and has been made new. The sale is taxable.